Complexation behaviour of hexadentate ligands possessing N2O4 and N2O2S2 cores: differential reactivity towards Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) salts and structures of the products
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Reactions of divalent metal salts of Co, Ni and Zn with 1,2-di(salicylaldimino-o-phenylthio) ethane (H2L1) and 1,2-di(naphthaldimino-o-phenylthio) ethane (H2L2), having N2O2S2 cores, and 1,2-di(O-salicylaldimino-o-hydroxyphenyl) ethane (H2L3), having a N2O4 core, have been explored. Out of the three ligands and the nine products obtained from the corresponding reactions, two ligands and seven products were crystallographically characterized. However, all the ligands and the products were characterized by analytical and spectral methods. Reaction of H2L1 and H2L2 with Co(II) salts results in oxidative cleavage of the C-S bond to produce a Co(III) product bound to two dissimilar tridentate ligands formed as a result of the cleavage. The reaction of H2L1 and H2L2 with Co(III) acac in the presence of methanolic NaOH also shows cleavage of the C-S bond to give compounds similar to those obtained by reacting H2L1 and H2L2 with Co(II) salts in the absence of additional external base. However, the reaction of Co(II) salt with H2L3 did not lead to any C-O bond cleavage; rather it produced an octahedral Co(II) complex of the hexadentate H2L3. Reactions of all these three ligands with Ni(II) salt resulted in octahedral complexes of the corresponding hexadentate ligands. In the case of Zn(II), while H2L3 with a N2O4 core resulted in an octahedral complex, H2L1 and H2L2, both with a N2O2S2 core, produced pseudo-octahedral complexes whose Zn-S bond lengths are rather long. The conformations of both the 5-membered and 6-membered chelate rings formed in the products were evaluated. The extent of distortion exhibited in the geometry of these octahedral complexes was computed and appropriately compared.
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