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|Title:||An alternate protocol to achieve stochastic and deterministic resonances|
|Publisher:||AMER INST PHYSICS|
|Abstract:||Periodic and Aperiodic Stochastic Resonance (SR) and Deterministic Resonance (DR) are studied in this paper. To check for the ubiquitousness of the phenomena, two unrelated systems, namely, FitzHugh-Nagumo and a particle in a bistable potential well, are studied. Instead of the conventional scenario of noise amplitude (in the case of SR) or chaotic signal amplitude (in the case of DR) variation, a tunable system parameter ("a" in the case of FitzHugh-Nagumo model and the damping coefficient "j" in the bistable model) is regulated. The operating values of these parameters are defined as the "setpoint" of the system throughout the present work. Our results indicate that there exists an optimal value of the setpoint for which maximum information transfer between the input and the output signals takes place. This information transfer from the input subthreshold signal to the output dynamics is quantified by the normalised cross-correlation coefficient (vertical bar CCC vertical bar). vertical bar CCC vertical bar as a function of the setpoint exhibits a unimodal variation which is characteristic of SR (or DR). Furthermore, vertical bar CCC vertical bar is computed for a grid of noise (or chaotic signal) amplitude and setpoint values. The heat map of vertical bar CCC vertical bar over this grid yields the presence of a resonance region in the noise-setpoint plane for which the maximum enhancement of the input sub-threshold signal is observed. This resonance region could be possibly used to explain how organisms maintain their signal detection efficacy with fluctuating amounts of noise present in their environment. Interestingly, the method of regulating the setpoint without changing the noise amplitude was not able to induce Coherence Resonance (CR). A possible, qualitative reasoning for this is provided. Published by AIP Publishing.|
|Appears in Collections:||Article|
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