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|Title: ||Oxygen supply without gas-liquid film resistance to Xanthomonas campestris cultivation|
|Authors: ||SRIRAM, G|
|Keywords: ||oryzae pv oryzae|
|Issue Date: ||1998|
|Publisher: ||JOHN WILEY & SONS INC|
|Citation: ||BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOENGINEERING, 59(6), 714-723|
|Abstract: ||Alternative methods of oxygen supply are of crucial importance, especially in viscous fermentations and shear-sensitive fermentations. A method of oxygen supply that completely eliminates the gas-liquid transport resistance has been presented. The method involves a need-based liquid-phase decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to provide the necessary oxygen. When Xanthomonas campestris was cultivated (viscous cultivation) using this method of oxygen supply, dissolved oxygen (DO) levels were maintained above the setpoint of 50% throughout the cultivation, whereas the conventional cultivation was able to meet culture oxygen demand only for about 6 h in a 72-h fermentation. Furthermore, the maximum specific growth rate and xanthan yields in the novel cultivation were 89% and 169%, respectively, of those obtained in conventional cultivation. A mathematical model was also developed to simulate and predict results in fermentations employing the presented methodology. In addition, studies with HOCl pretreatments indicated that monofunctional catalase may be responsible for the decomposition of H2O2 supplied externally to cells; HOCl pretreatments also increased the tolerance of cells to H2O2. The decomposition kinetics of externally supplied H2O2 was Michaelis-Menlen in nature with v(max) = 1.196 x 10(-6) M s(-1) and K-m = 0.21 mM. The catalase concentration was estimated to be 3.4 x 10(-10) mol/g of cells. (C) 1998 , Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Article|
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