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Title: Study of drying characteristics of large-cardamom
Keywords: Large Cardamom
Energy Efficiency
Performance Evaluation
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Biomass and Bioenergy 20(1), 37-43
Abstract: India is the largest producer of large-cardamom in the world with 54% share in world production followed by Nepal (33%) and Bhutan (13%). For long-duration storage of cardamom and in order to bring out its aroma, the fresh cardamom capsules (with 80–85% moisture) has to be dried immediately after harvesting to bring down its moisture content to less than 10% (w.b.) through a curing (drying) process. Still a primitive and inefficient (operating efficiency level of about 5–15%) smoking method (using traditional bhatti) is being used for drying of large-cardamom resulting in huge (estimated 20,000 MT/yr) wastage of fuel wood and poor (charred and blackened) quality product. This paper gives a brief description of efforts made to obtain basic drying parameters of large-cardamom (which is a pre-requisite for dryer design) under different operating conditions.
ISSN: 0961-9534
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