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|Title:||Wastewater renovation using constructed soil filter (CSF): A novel approach|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, 170(2-3), 657-665|
|Abstract:||Constructed soil filter (CSF) also known as Soil Biotechnology (SBT) is a process for water renovation which makes use of formulated media with culture of soil macro- and microorganisms. CSF combines sedimentation, infiltration and biodegradation processes to remove oxidizable organics and inorganics of wastewater in a single facility. Operating experience shows hydraulic loading in the range of 0.05-0.25 m(3)/m(2) h and organic loading up to 200-680 g/m(2) d. The results show increase in dissolved oxygen levels, COD removal (from 352 mg/l to 20 mg/l); BOD removal (from 211 mg/l to 7.0 mg/l); suspended solids removal (from 293 mg/l to 16 mg/l): turbidity reduction (from 145 NTU to 5.3 NTU): iron (from 5 mg/l to 0.3 mg/l); arsenic (from 500 mu g/l to 10 mu g/l); total coliform and fecal coliform removal (from 145 x 10(5) to 55 CFU/100 mL and 150 x 10(8) to 110 CFU/100 mL respectively), with desired pathogen levels as per WHO standards, i.e. <= 10(3) CFU/100 mL CSF reveals advantages such as low HRT (0.5-2.0 h), low energy requirement (0.04 kW h/m(3)), no pre-treatment, high dissolved oxygen levels in the effluent, no biosludge production, no mechanical aeration and no odor, fish compatible water quality and evergreen ambience. (C) 2009|
|Appears in Collections:||Article|
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