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|Title:||Highly heterogeneous Precambrian basement under the central Deccan Traps, India: Direct evidence from xenoliths in dykes|
Eastern Dharwar Craton
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Citation:||GONDWANA RESEARCH, 13(3), 375-385|
|Abstract:||Crustal or mantle xenoliths are not common in evolved, tholeiitic flood basalts that cover huge areas of the Precambrian shields. Yet, the occasional occurrences provide the most direct and unequivocal evidence oil basement composition. Few xenolith occurrences are known from the Deccan Traps, India, and inferences about the Deccan basement have necessarily depended on geophysical studies and geochemistry of Deccan lavas and intrusions. Here, we report two basalt dykes (Rajmane and Talwade dykes) from the central Deccan Traps that are extremely rich in crustal xenoliths of great lithological variety (gneisses, quartzites, granite rnylonite, felsic granulite, carbonate rock, tuff). Because the dykes are parallel and only 4 kill apart, and only a few kilometres long, the xenoliths provide clear evidence for high small-scale lithological heterogeneity and strong tectonic deformation in the Precambrian Indian crust beneath. Measured Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios in the xenoliths range from 0.70935 (carbonate) to 0.78479 (granite inylonite). The Rajmane dyke sampled away from any of the xenoliths shows a present-day Sr-87/Sr-86 ratio of 0.70465 and initial (at 66 Ma) ratio of 0.70445. The dyke is subalkalic and fairly evolved (Mg No.=44.1) and broadly similar in its Sr-isotopic and elemental composition to some of the lavas of the Mahabaleshwar Formation. The xenoliths are comparable lithologically and geochemically to basement rocks from the Archaean Dharwar craton forming much of southern India. As several lines of evidence suggest, the Dharwar craton may extend at least 350-400 km north under the Deccan lava cover. This is significant for Precambrian crustal evolution of India besides continental reconstructions. (C) 2007 International Association for Gondwana Research.|
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