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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.library.iitb.ac.in/jspui/handle/10054/6087

Title: Extreme homeopathic dilutions retain starting materials: A nanoparticulate perspective
Authors: CHIKRAMANE, PS
SURESH, AK
BELLARE, JR
KANE, SG
Keywords: ultrasound
chemistry
emulsions
memory
water
zn
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation: HOMEOPATHY, 99(4), 231-242
Abstract: Homeopathy is controversial because medicines in high potencies such as 30c and 200c involve huge dilution factors (10(60) and 10(400) respectively) which are many orders of magnitude greater than Avogadro's number, so that theoretically there should be no measurable remnants of the starting materials. No hypothesis which predicts the retention of properties of starting materials has been proposed nor has any physical entity been shown to exist in these high potency medicines. Using market samples of metal-derived medicines from reputable manufacturers, we have demonstrated for the first time by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction and chemical analysis by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES), the presence of physical entities in these extreme dilutions, in the form of nanoparticles of the starting metals and their aggregates. Homeopathy (2010) 99, 231-242.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.homp.2010.05.006
http://dspace.library.iitb.ac.in/xmlui/handle/10054/6087
http://hdl.handle.net/10054/6087
ISSN: 1475-4916
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