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|Title:||Cysteine 155 plays an important role in the assembly of Mycobacterium tuberculosis FtsZ|
|Publisher:||COLD SPRING HARBOR LAB PRESS, PUBLICATIONS DEPT|
|Citation:||PROTEIN SCIENCE, 17(5), 846-854|
|Abstract:||The assembly of FtsZ plays an important role in bacterial cell division. Mycobacterium tuberculosis FtsZ (MtbFtsZ) has a single cysteine residue at position 155. We have investigated the role of the lone cysteine residue in the assembly of MtbFtsZ using different complimentary approaches, namely chemical modification by a thiol-specific reagent 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) ( DTNB) or a cysteine-chelating agent HgCl2, and site-directed mutagenesis of the cysteine residue. HgCl2 strongly reduced the polymerized mass of MtbFtsZ while it had no detectable effect on the polymerization of Escherichia coli FtsZ, which lacks a cysteine residue. HgCl2 inhibited the protofilamentous assembly of MtbFtsZ and induced the aggregation of the protein. Further, HgCl2 perturbed the secondary structure of MtbFtsZ and increased the binding of a hydrophobic probe 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS) with MtbFtsZ, indicating that the binding of HgCl2 altered the conformation of MtbFtsZ. Chemical modification of MtbFtsZ by DTNB also decreased the polymerized mass of MtbFtsZ. Further, the mutagenesis of Cys-155 to alanine caused a strong reduction in the assembly of MtbFtsZ. Under assembly conditions, the mutated protein formed aggregates instead of protofilaments. Far-UV CD spectroscopy and ANS binding suggested that the mutated MtbFtsZ has different conformation than that of the native MtbFtsZ. The effect of the mutation or chemical modification of Cys-155 on the MtbFtsZ assembly has been explained considering its location in the MtbFtsZ crystal structure. The results together suggest that the cysteine residue (Cys-155) of MtbFtsZ plays an important role in the assembly of MtbFtsZ into protofilaments.|
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