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Title: Post- and prejunctional consequences of ecto-ATPase inhibition: electrical and contractile studies in guinea-pig vas deferens
Authors: GHILDYAL, P
Keywords: excitatory junction potentials
sympathetic purinergic neurotransmission
receptor-mediated enhancement
smooth-muscle cells
dorsal-horn neurons
synaptic potentials
transmitter release
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 575(2), 469-480
Abstract: At sites of purinergic neurotransmission, synaptic ecto-ATPase is believed to limit the actions of ATP following its neural release. However, details of the modulation by this enzyme of the ATP-mediated conductance change and the possible mechanisms mediating this modulation remain unelucidated. We have addressed these issues by studying the effect of ARL 67156, a selective ecto-ATPase inhibitor, on ATP-mediated electrical and contractile activity in the sympathetically innervated guinea-pig vas deferens. ARL 67156 at 100 mu m significantly potentiated the amplitude of spontaneous excitatory junction potentials (SEJPs) by 81.1% (P < 0.01) and prolonged their time courses (rise time by 49.7%, decay time constant by 38.2%; P < 0.01). Moreover, the frequency of occurrence of SEJPs was strikingly increased (from 0.28 +/- 0.13 to 0.90 +/- 0.26 Hz; P < 0.01), indicating an additional, primarily presynaptic, effect of ecto-ATPase inhibition. The frequency of occurrence of discrete events (DEs), which represent nerve stimulation-evoked quantal release of neurotransmitter, was also increased (similar to 6-fold; P < 0.01), along with the appearance of DEs at previously 'silent' latencies. Purinergic contractions of the vas deferens were potentiated significantly (P < 0.01) by ARL 67156; these potentiated contractions were suppressed by the A1 agonist adenosine (P < 0.01) but left unaffected by the A1 antagonist 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT). Our results indicate (i) that ecto-ATPase activity, in addition to modulating the ATP-mediated postjunctional conductance change, may regulate transmitter release prejunctionally under physiological conditions, and (ii) that the prejunctional regulation may be mediated primarily via presynaptic P2X, rather than A1, receptors.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2006.109678
ISSN: 0022-3751
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