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|Title:||Bidirectional expansion for keyword search on graph databases|
Relational Database Systems
|Publisher:||Association for Computing Machinery|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, (VLDB), Trondheim, Norway, 30 Augest - 2 September 2005, 505-516|
|Abstract:||Relational, XML and HTML data can be represented as graphs with entities as nodes and relationships as edges. Text is associated with nodes and possibly edges. Keyword search on such graphs has received much attention lately. A central problem in this scenario is to efficiently extract from the data graph a small number of the "best" answer trees. A Backward Expanding search, starting at nodes matching keywords and working up toward confluent roots, is commonly used for predominantly text-driven queries. But it can perform poorly if some keywords match many nodes, or some node has very large degree.In this paper we propose a new search algorithm, Bidirectional Search, which improves on Backward Expanding search by allowing forward search from potential roots towards leaves. To exploit this flexibility, we devise a novel search frontier prioritization technique based on spreading activation. We present a performance study on real data, establishing that Bidirectional Search significantly outperforms Backward Expanding search.|
|Appears in Collections:||Proceedings papers|
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