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Title: Ni and Ni–nickel oxide nanoparticles with different shapes and a core–shell structure
Keywords: Magnetization
Electric Conductivity
Nickel Compounds
Particle Size Analysis
Crystal Structure
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Thin Solid Films 505(1-2), 109-112
Abstract: Ni nanoparticles with different shapes and having a core–shell structure of Ni–nickel oxide have been prepared by a combination of chemical and gaseous reduction. The first step involves chemical reduction of nickel chloride in an aqueous medium with sodium borohydride (NaBH4). In the second step, the as prepared Ni-complex is reduced further in the presence of 2% H2 and 98% Ar gas mixture at different temperatures ranging from 550 °C to 850 °C. For gaseous reduction temperatures up to 750 °C, structural studies done at room temperature indicate a core–shell structure of Ni–Ni-oxide whereas for reduction at 850 °C, essentially a single phase of Ni is seen. The particle size ranges from 20 to 120 nm with different shapes for the particles: spherical, ellipsoidal, cylindrical, hexagonal, and polyhedral. The electrical resistivity in all the cases exhibits a typical metallic behavior and the absolute resistivity decreases with increasing gaseous reduction temperature, indicating a progressive reduction of Ni-oxide. The magnetization studied as a function of temperature and field shows a clear core–shell behavior: very high magnetization saturation fields and thermal hysteresis of magnetization
URI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2005.10.018
ISSN: 0040-6090
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