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|Title: ||Strong blue excitonic emission from CdS nanocrystallites prepared by LB technique|
|Authors: ||MANDAL, P|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Citation: ||APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING, 94(3), 577-584|
|Abstract: ||CdS nanocrystallites formed in ordered fatty acid LB multilayers exhibited strong surface states emission similar to 550 nm and weak excitonic emission similar to 400 nm. Treatment with aqueous CdCl(2) resulted in the suppression of surface states emission and enhancement of the blue excitonic emission. Subsequent annealing in air at 200A degrees C caused an order of magnitude enhancement of excitonic emission. The growth of nanocrystallites during annealing as seen from the red-shift of excitonic absorption and emission is suppressed by the CdCl(2) treatment. The hindered growth of nanocrystallites, the significant enhancement of excitonic emission from CdS, and the suppression of surface states emission are attributed to surface passivation of CdS nanocrystallites by surface oxide formation.|
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