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|Title:||Paramagnetic ruthenium-biimidazole derivatives [(acac)2Ru(III)(LH(n))](m), n/m=2/+, 1/0, 0/-. Synthesis, structures, solution properties and anion receptor features in solution state|
|Keywords:||Nuclear Magnetic Resonance|
|Publisher:||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY|
|Citation:||DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 39(17), 4232-4242|
|Abstract:||The paramagnetic ruthenium-biimidazole complexes [(acac)(2)Ru(III)(LH(-))] (1 = red-brown), [(acac)(2)Ru(III)(LH(2))](ClO(4)) (2 = pink) and Bu(4)N[(acac)(2)Ru(III)(L(2-))] (3 = greenish yellow) comprising of monodeprotonated, neutral and bideprotonated states of the coordinated biimidazole ligand (LH(n), n = 1, 2, 0), respectively, have been isolated (acac-= acetylacetonate). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of 1 reveals that the asymmetric unit consists of three independent molecules: A-C, where molecule A corresponds to complex 1 and the other two molecules B and C co-exist as a hydrogen bonded dimeric unit perhaps between the cationic 2(+) and anionic 3(-). The packing diagram further reveals that the molecule A in the crystal of 1 also forms a hydrogen bonded dimer with the neighbouring another unit of molecule A. The formation of [(acac)(2)Ru(III)(LH(2))](ClO(4)) (2) has also been authenticated independently by its single-crystal X-ray structure. The packing diagram of 2 shows multiple hydrogen bonds between the N-H protons of coordinated LH(2) and the counter ClO(4)(-). Paramagnetic complexes show (1)H NMR spectra over a wide range of chemical shift, delta (ppm), + 10 to-35 in CDCl(3). One-electron paramagnetic 1-3 (mu/B. M. similar to 1.9) exhibit distinct rhombic-EPR spectra with relatively large g anisotropic factors: < g > 2.136-2.156 and Dg 0.65-0.77, typical for distorted octahedral ruthenium(III) complexes. The complexes 1-3 are inter-convertible as a function of pH. The pK(a1) and pK(a2) of 6.8 and 11, respectively, for 2 are estimated by monitoring the pH dependent spectral changes. The Ru(III)-Ru(IV) couple near 1.25 V vs. SCE remains almost invariant in 1-3 whereas the corresponding Ru(III)-Ru(II) couple varies appreciably in the range of-0.52 to-0.85 V vs. SCE based on the protonated-deprotonated states of the coordinated biimidazole ligand. Compounds 1-3 exhibit one weak ligand to metal charge transfer (LMCT) transition near 500 nm and intense intraligand transitions in the higher energy UV region. The spectrophotometric titrations of 2 with the TBA (TBA = tetrabutylammonium) salts of a wide variety of anions, F(-), Cl(-), Br(-), I(-), HSO(4)(-), OAc(-), H(2)PO(4)(-) in CH(3)CN reveal that the possible hydrogen bonds between the N-H protons of LH(2) in 2 and Cl-or Br(-) or I(-) or HSO(4)(-) or H(2)PO(4)(-) anion are rather weak or negligible. However, in presence of excess H(2)PO(4)(-)anion, the molar ratio of 2 to H(2)PO(4)(-) being 1 : 4, simple liberation of one N-H proton of the coordinated LH(2) in 2 has been taken place which in effect yields 1 and H(3)PO(4). On the contrary, the spectrophotometric titrations of 1 : 1 molar solution of 2 and OAc(-) or F(-) anion suggest the initial formation of hydrogen bonds between the N-H protons of LH(2) in 2 and the anion with the calculated log K value of 5.92 or 4.7, respectively, which eventually leads to the transfer of one of the N-H protons of LH(2) in 2 to the anion, resulting in 1 and HOAc or HF. On addition of excess OAc(-) to the above solution of 1 (moar ratio of OAc(-) to 1, 4 : 1), further hydrogen bonding between the N-H proton of LH(-) in 1 and OAc(-) occurs but without the abstraction of the N-H proton of LH(-) . However, excess Fanion concentration (molar ratio of anion to 1, 5 : 1) facilitates the removal of the remaining N-H proton of LH(-) in 1 which in turn yields 3 incorporating the bideprotonated form L(2-).|
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