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Title: Osmium mediated selective aromatic thiolation reaction in the complexes [Os-II{o-SC6H3(R)N=NC5H4N}(2)]. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, electron-transfer properties and crystal structure of the complex where R=H
Authors: SANTRA, BK
Keywords: C-H Activation
Carbon-Carbon Bond
Oxidation Levels
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: POLYHEDRON, 18(5), 617-630
Abstract: The reactions of potassium salt of xanthates, R'OCS2-K+ 2 (R'=Me, Et, Pr-n, Pr-i, Bu-n, Bu-i, benzyl) with the low-spin ctc-Os-II(L)(2)Br-2, 1 [L=NC5H4-N=N-C6H4(R), R=H, m-Me; cfc: cis-trans-cis with respect to the bromides,pyridine and azo nitrogens, respectively] in boiling N,N-dimethylformamide solvent resulted in low-spin diamagnetic Os-II[o-SC6H3(R)-N=N-C5H4N](2), 3 complexes. In complex 3 the o-carbon hydrogen bond of the pendant phenyl ring of both the parent ligands L, has been selectively and directly thiolated via carbon-sulfur bond cleavage of the xanthate. The reaction is selective to the nature of the solvent used, taking place only in those having high boiling points and relative permittivities. The rate of the reaction is dependent on the nature of the R' group present in the thiolating agent 2, following the order: Et > Me > Pr-i > Bu-i > Pr-n > Bu-n > benzyl. The formation of the thiolated product (3) is authenticated by the single-crystal X-ray structure for the complex where R=H. Structure of the complex has revealed that the OsN4S2 coordination sphere has a meridional configuration, cis-trans-cis with respect to sulfur, azo and pyridine nitrogens, respectively. The molecular geometry of the complexes in solution has been established by H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy. When one methyl group is present at the meta position of the pendant phenyl ring of L the reaction resulted in two isomeric complexes due to free rotation of the singly bonded meta-substituted phenyl ring with respect to the azo group. LH NMR study indicated the presence of an intimate mixture of the two isomers in solution in a 3:4 ratio. In dichloromethane solution, complex 3 exhibits two metal-to-ligand charge-transfer transitions in the visible region and intraligand (pi-pi*/n-pi*) transitions appear in the UV region. In dichloromethane solution the complexes display one reversible osmium(II)right arrow over left arrow osmium(III) oxidation couple near 0.35 V and an irreversible oxidative response near 1.0 V vs SCE due to the oxidation of the coordinated thiol group. Two successive one-electron reductions of the coordinated azo groups take place at the negative side of SCE. (C) 1999 . .
ISSN: 0277-5387
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