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|Title:||Oxidative-stress-induced production of pyocyanin by Xanthomonas campestris and its effect on the indicator target organism, Escherichia coli|
|Keywords:||Oryzae Pv Oryzae|
|Publisher:||NATURE AMERICA INC|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, 25(5), 266-272|
|Abstract:||Pyocyanin, a potential antimicrobial agent, was secreted by Xanthomonas campestris. Treatments with agents causing oxidative stress in the organism caused up to 4.4-fold increase in specific pyocyanin production. Pyocyanin added in the extracellular space did not affect growth rate of X. campestris, but decreased maximum cell concentration and specific product formation. However, the growth of Escherichia coil, the indicator target organism, was affected by pyocyanin. There was also a significant increase in the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentration and antioxidant enzyme [catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD)] concentrations, in the presence of pyocyanin. The intracellular ROS concentrations in E coli formed upon exposure to pyocyanin, which is an indicator of the toxicity, was dependent on the growth phase of the organism. Studies with mutants of E. coil showed that intracellular ROS concentration was not significantly affected by the absence of the regulon OxyR, but, was significantly higher in cases when the regulon rpoS or the genes-katG or katE were absent.|
|Appears in Collections:||Article|
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