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|Title: ||Electron microscopy of modified aluminum alkoxide microstructures on freeze-drying|
|Authors: ||SRIVASTAVA, A|
|Issue Date: ||1997|
|Publisher: ||ACADEMIC PRESS INC JNL-COMP SUBSCRIPTIONS|
|Citation: ||JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE,191(2)521-524|
|Abstract: ||Direct imaging of microstructures in chelated aluminum alkoxide systems subjected to freeze-drying and freeze-thaw-drying is reported using cryo-scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and SEM techniques, Aluminum sec-butoxide was chelated with a beta-diketoester in different molar ratios. This system was gelled by hydrolysis under intense sonication. The sonogels formed were subjected to cryo-SEM. Samples for cryo-SEM were made by freezing the chelated alkoxide samples in liquid nitrogen and freeze-fracturing them inside the cryo-SEM and monitoring the apparent morphological changes on exposure to the cryo-SEM environment including intentional sample heating, Microstructures of unchelated, 1:1 chelated and 1:2 chelated (alkoxide:chelate) sonogels after freezing, thawing, and drying were also imaged by SEM techniques, Heterogeneity introduced by chelation of alkoxide is proposed as the cause for the formation of flakes in freeze-thaw-dried chelated alkoxide gels, Microstructures of 1:1 chelated freeze dried alkoxide were compared with the freeze-thaw-dried gels, The absence of flakes in the chelated samples when subjected to in situ freeze-drying indicated reversible nature of the gels. (C) 1997 Academic Press.|
|Appears in Collections:||Letter|
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