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Title: Li2MnO3 rich-LiMn0.33Co0.33Ni0.33O2 integrated nano-composites as high energy density lithium-ion battery cathode materials
Keywords: High Energy Density Integrated Positive Electrode
Lithium Manganese Oxide Rich Layered-Layered Composite
Lithium-Ion Battery
Solid-State Method
Self Combustion Synthesis
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 108135-144
Abstract: Alternative to LiCoO2 cathode without sacrificing its structure and capacity, layered-layered composites with Li2MnO3-LiMO2 formula have been pursued in this article. In this study, we have optimized the Li2MnO3 content in the composite based on its electrochemical performances (in terms of specific capacity, mAh g(-1)). All the samples are synthesized either by self-combustion reaction (SCR) or solid-state method. Phase composition, morphology, particle size and distribution are characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission gun scanning electron microscope (FEG-SEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM), respectively. The X-ray diffraction study confirms that the material has layered LiNi0.3Co0.3Mn0.3O2 structure with a space group of R (3) over barm along with the formation of Li2MnO3 phase with super lattice ordering (C2/m). Charge/discharge capacity of the composite cathode materials increases with cycle number due to more and more activation of the Li2MnO3 and get stabilized after 20th cycle with good coulombic efficiency. A composite of 0.7Li(2)MnO(3)-03LiMn(0.33)Co(0.33)Ni(0.33)O(2) composition delivered a maximum stable specific discharge capacity of similar to 190 mAh g(-1) over 50 cycles at C/10 rate at 20 degrees C once it reaches the activation stage. A detail electrochemical study has been performed to understand the complicated electrochemistry during charge-discharge reaction at 20 degrees C. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0013-4686
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